Skip to content

Wild and native animals found in Brazil

Brazil is the number one country on earth with more biodiversity, more than Indonesia, than China…and more than any other country you can imagine.

Some of the biggest reasons why Brazil has so many types of animals all around the country is because over there you will see the largest rainforest in the world, which is the Amazon, and also the largest tropical wetland, which is the Pantanal. Plus, other than these two places, you will find many national parks and green areas around the country.

Unfortunately, Brazil has been suffering a lot through deforestation, and in this article other than telling you which are the native animals in Brazil, we also want to spread the message of protecting these areas so all these animals can survive in the wild.

How many animals live in Brazil?


Before we start with the list of animals that live in Brazil, let us tell you exactly the number of species you can find all over the country.

When talking about plans and amphibious, Brazil ranks on number first, so there is no country that has more of these species. Being more specific, it is said that there are almost a thousand types of amphibious in the country (946). The number of plants is even more impressive, there are around 46.000 in total.

With almost 700, Brazil ranks second in number of mammals, and it also ranks third in birds, fish, and reptiles. The total number of species known could be between 170,000 to 210,000, which is almost the 10% of the total in the world…The Brazilian wildlife is crazy right?

Top 10 animals in Brazil

Let´s start with the list of animals found in Brazil, there are some rare species and others that are more common, but believe us, you will be surprised by all of them.

1) Spix macaw


We are starting the list with an animal that probably you all know about as it´s the one that is represented on the famous Disney movie “RIO”. Although it´s a little bit different than the one in the movie, this macaw is famous for its blue colors.

Unfortunately, almost everything we can say about this beautiful specie are bad news. As it was declared in 2019 by the red list of the IUCN, the Spix macaw is considered one of those extinct animals in Brazil, but only in the wild, there are still some species left in captivity.  

The main reason of its extinction was the loss of habitat due to deforestation. There are several organizations working on protecting the ones in captivity and trying to get them back into the wild. As you can imagine is not an easy task, so we can only hope.

(The one in the picture is a Hyacinth macaw, most people tend to confuse them, as it looks even more similar to the one in the movie “RIO”)

2) Jaguar


The second on our list is the national animal of Brazil, the Jaguar. This feline is the largest wild cat in all America and after the lions and the kings is the third largest on earth. Of all the big cats, they have the strongest bite, and that allows them to literally eat almost everything they want.

As you may have heard, this animal was not only popular in Brazil, but almost all over America, a long time ago you were able to find it in many countries from the United States to Argentina. Although you can still see them in quite a few areas, the number of jaguars in the wild has decreased a lot in the last years and now is considered a “Near threatened” specie.

The two wildest areas of the country, which are the Amazon rainforest and the Pantanal, are the places where you have higher chances of seeing them, as over there is where the biggest populations are located. Now, if you ever go to these areas, please be respectful with them and with their habitat.

3) Golden lion tamarin


Another of the most famous animals in Brazil is the Golden lion tamarin. Of course, these animals received their name due to the similarity with the hair of the lion, but the truth is that this specie is a primate.

These monkeys can be found in the rain forests of the Atlantic Coast. During the 90´s they were in huge danger of being extinct and there were only around 200 left in the wild. Luckily, some conservation organizations manage to save the animals, but again due to the loss of habitat there are still only a thousand left and experts say that if nothing changes, they could be critically endangered very soon.

These are endemic animals of Brazil, which means that you will only see them in this country.

4) Pink dolphins


Everyone loves dolphins, right? They are happy, they jump all the time, and they are a beautiful animal, well you may be able to see a very exotic animal in Brazil if you visit the Amazon rainforest, as the dolphins in this area are a little bit different, they are pink!

The pink dolphin is also recognized by the name of Boto. It´s one of the 5 river dolphins you that exist, and a curious fact is that they are the largest specie of dolphin on earth.

Although they have an important role in the wildlife of Brazil, the truth is that this type of dolphin can be found in other countries as well. The pink dolphin is from the Amazon River, so you can only see it in countries as Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, and Guyana.

5) Tapir


One of the most typical animals from Brazil is the tapir, although some people tend to call them pigs with trunk, the truth is that the animal they are relatives with is the rhino.

There are five species of tapir nowadays in the world, but unfortunately their numbers are decreasing quickly and now they are recognized as an endangered animal in the red list of the IUCN. Of course, the habitat destruction and the poaching (all caused by humans) are the main reasons why they are disappearing.

Some facts about tapirs are that they are herbivores, they love to swim in the water and if you want to see them, the best area is the Pantanal.  

6) Three-toes sloth


One of the coolest animals in Brazil is the three-toes sloth, which by the way in case you didn´t know it, is the slowest animal on earth. Many people would think that it´s hard for an animal to survive being so slow, as depredators would easily hunt them, well, they manage very well to climb the trees get their food and not do anything else than sleeping the whole day.

The typical image of a sloth is when they are hanging on a tree being upside-down, and that´s basically because they do everything upside-down, eating, sleeping and they may even give birth in that posture.

 Sloths are in more areas of America, for example they are a very typical animal in Costa Rica, but in Brazil you will find a unique specie of it known as maned sloth.

7) Capybara


In this case we are talking about one of the most common animals in Brazil, okay, it may not be like seeing pigeons, but it´s quite easy to spot them in the wild. They can be seen either in national park and nature areas or even in the surroundings of big cities.

Maybe one of the biggest reasons why spotting them is so easy because they are a very friendly animal, and they normally go in groups of 20-30 capybaras.

Capybaras are largest rodent on earth, they are very good swimmers and the best places to see them are the Amazonas and the Pantanal. Luckily, these cute Brazilian animals are not in danger of being extinct as it happens with most of the species.

8) Giant anteater


One of those large animals in Brazil is the Giant anteater, also known as the ant bear, the reason of the name is because their mean meal of the day are the ants. They eat around 30.000 to 35.000 ants and termites per day.

Although they can be up to 2 meters of length and they are a very strong animal, you won´t have to worry about them because they are not aggressive, and they are an inoffensive animal in most of the cases.

These animals can be seen in other countries of South America as well, and unfortunately, they are also listed as a “vulnerable” specie.

9) Piranha


The piranhas are shown in the movies as one of the most dangerous animals in Brazil, and although it´s true that they have a some very strong and sharp teeth, they don´t normally attack people as their main food are other fishes and plants.

These fishes are typical from South America and being more concrete, they are very common in three different rivers: The Guayanas, the Orinoco and of course, the Amazonas.

Would you be scared of seeing a piranha while swimming on the river?

10) Armadillo


One of the rare animals in Brazil is the armadillo, it´s actually one of our favorite animals, but seeing them in the wild is not very easy as they protect themselves with a thick leathery shell that also camouflages them.

There are 21 species of armadillos, and you can see them of all sizes, from the giant armadillo that can measure a length of 150 cm to the pink fairy armadillo which is only about 15cm.

The most common type of armadillo is the yellow armadillo, which is located in many areas, but in the Southern Pantanal is where you have higher chances.

Hope you enjoyed learning about the Brazilian wildlife

That´s all you need to know about the wildlife in Brazil, as you have seen there is an incredible number of species all over the country and each of them is beautiful and very unique.

Hopefully something changes in the country and their governments start realizing about what they have. Brazil is one of our favorite countries, but if they keep deforesting their Amazonas and other natural areas it would be something awful to the planet.

If you have any question about the unique animals in Brazil or anything else, please let us know. Also read about the 10 Most famous places to visit in Brazil & the popular Brazilian food

⑩ Native animals found in Brazil ⭐️ 【 All Brazilian wildlife 】
Article Name
⑩ Native animals found in Brazil ⭐️ 【 All Brazilian wildlife 】
I➨ See 10 native animals found in Brazil ✅ Macaws, tapir, jaguar...⭐ And more information about the Brazilian wildlife! ➤ ➤ Don´t miss it!!